Last week the Federal Reserve decided to pause their string of rate hikes for the first time in 15 months, yet long term rates moved higher. Let's discuss what happened and look at the events to watch for this week.
Higher For Longer Still
On Wednesday, the Federal Reserve made a decision to not hike the Fed Funds Rate, breaking a string of 10 consecutive hikes, leaving the rate in a range of 5 to 5 1/4.
This move was widely expected by the financial markets. However, the markets were delivered a surprise when The Fed announced its members believe there will be two more rate hikes this year. Heading into the meeting, it was speculated that the Fed may raise rates one more time in July. This additional hike caused a lot of volatility with a spike in short term and near term rates here and abroad.
The Fed Outlook
Every three months, the Federal Reserve releases a Summary of Economic Projections which gives the markets a sense of what Fed members are seeing regarding economic growth, inflation, unemployment, and where interest rates are headed. The forecast shows economic growth coming in slightly stronger than previously expected, but still at a historically slow 1%. Core inflation, which strips out food and energy, is expected to be higher than previously forecasted. Unemployment is forecasted to come in lower than originally expected. Lastly, many Fed members believe interest rates will need to go higher to cool off the labor market to reach the Fed's inflation target of 2.00%
The Press Conference
After the Fed statement was delivered, Fed Chair Jerome Powell held a press conference, where he took questions and tried to give more color as to what Fed members have been thinking. Within the press conference the Fed Chair did say they have not talked about the July rate hike, and the next meeting will be a "live meeting" where they will respond to the economic data in advance of that report. This means, if inflation continues to come down as it has and the unemployment rate edges up like it did last month, the Fed may very well pause rate hikes again at the July Fed meeting. As of this moment, the chance of a Fed hike in July stands at 75% probability.
What It All Means
After all the smoke cleared from the Fed Meeting, we are left with more of the same...uncertainty and volatility around how far the Fed will go with interest rates and where the economy is headed.
Rate Hikes Around the Globe
Last week other Central Banks increased their rates, including the Bank of Canada's surprise rate hike. And this past Thursday on the heels of our Fed rate hike, the European Central Bank (ECB) raised their rates to the highest level in two decades. As rates around the globe go higher, it puts upward pressure on our rates. The opposite is true.
Bottom line: It may be tough to see long-term interest rates improve much in the near term as the markets digest the notion that the Fed will potentially raise rates two more times, with no rate cuts this year. Be sure to watch the data and work with your experienced loan officer who follows this closely.
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