Last Week in Review: Fed Tapers, No Tantrum
This past week, the highly anticipated Fed Meeting took place. As expected, the Fed announced it will taper bond purchases starting later this month. The good news? Bonds and stocks didn't have a tantrum. Let's break down what happened and what to look for in the weeks ahead.
"In light of the substantial further progress the economy has made toward the Committee's goals since last December, the Committee decided to begin reducing the monthly pace of its net asset purchases" FOMC Statement - Nov 3rd, 2021.
Fed Chair Jerome Powell held a press conference 30 minutes after issuing the Fed Monetary Policy Statement to provide further color on the Fed's outlook and to take questions.
The Fed has been very clear that they want to finish tapering bond purchases by the middle of next year. They've also shared that there will be no rate hikes until they are finished tapering.
"The Committee judges that similar reductions in the pace of net asset purchases will likely be appropriate each month, but it is prepared to adjust the pace of purchases if warranted by changes in the economic outlook" FOMC Statement - Nov 3rd, 2021.
The "but" and idea that they are prepared to adjust purchases means that if inflation or inflation expectations rise further, the Fed may very well accelerate the tapering, thereby finishing bond-buying sooner and opening the door to rate hikes sooner. The opposite is true so, if we underperform or inflation moderates sooner, the Fed could taper more slowly, thereby pushing rate hikes out further.
"We don't think it is time to raise rates" Fed Chair Jerome Powell - Nov 3, 2021, Fed Press Conference.
"We continue to articulate a different and more stringent test for the economic conditions that would need to be met before raising the federal funds rate"
This more "stringent" test means we need to see maximum employment. In the last 12 months, the Fed has redefined what "maximum employment" means, and they reiterated that this week.
The Fed wants to see maximum employment "broad-based and inclusive", meaning they want to see Hispanic, Black, and Asian unemployment come down much further. They also just added they want to see maximum "participation" - meaning they want to see the size of our labor pool increase...it is currently at a 45-yr low. Until these metrics meaningfully improve, the Fed is not likely going to hike rates.
Presently, the financial markets are pricing in a high probability of three rate hikes in 2022. For the Fed to hike rates three times next year, the Fed will have to be finished with tapering and we will need to see enormous labor market improvement...time will tell.
Bottom line: Home loan rates are behaving well post-taper announcement, making for a great opportunity to purchase or refinance. Let's get into what we are looking at now, with the Fed announcement behind us.
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